• Sleep Apnea

    How can you tell if you have Sleep Apnea? Ask your spouse, family, or those around you. Here are some questions to ask: 1. Are you a loud, habitual snorer, disturbing your companion? 2. Do you feel tired and groggy in the morning? 3. Do you experience sleepiness and fatigue during the day? 4. Are you overweight? 5. Have you been observed to choke, gasp, or hold your breath during sleep? If you answered yes to one or more of these questions, you should discuss your symptoms with your physician. Blood oxygen saturation is reduced in the entire body during apnea -- sometimes producing serious irregular heartbeats and significantly reduced oxygen to the brain. Common symptoms of Sleep Apnea are a decreased ability to concentrate; loss of energy and/or fatigue; mild to marked depression; irritability; short temper; morning headaches; forgetfulness; anxiety; and, most frequently, excessive daytime sleepiness. Read More
  • Narcolepsy

    Narcolepsy, and related disorders, is typified by the inability to stay awake. Narcoleptics may suddenly fall asleep while they are engaged in an activity (for example, while waiting for a traffic light to change). Attacks are occasionally brought on by laughing, crying, and other strong emotions in a group setting. This illness often goes undiagnosed for years. Read More
  • Insomnia

    Insomnia is an inability to fall asleep or stay asleep. Attacks are often brought on by stress; worry; depression; another illness; persistent pain; and sleeping pill habits. Evaluating insomnia is important even if the condition seems temporary. Read More
  • Other Sleep Disorders

    Some people suffer from nightmares, night terrors, sleep walking, excessive body jerks, or uncontrollable leg movements. These people often get less than four and one-half hours of restorative sleep -something our bodies need. Even though a person spends ten hours in bed, they may only get two hours of restorative sleep. It is important to have your sleep analyzed if you find yourself waking up more tired than when you went to bed. Read More
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Bibliography of: Peter G. Bernad, B.Sc., M.D.C.M., M.P.H., F.A.C.P.

Journal Articles

    1. Berger, M.A., and Bernad, P.G.: "Somatic fixation and the authoritarian personality." The University of Ottawa Medical Journal 16: 16-20, 1971. 2.
    2. Ruskin, R., Ananth, J., and Bernad, P.G.: "An unusual adverse reaction with butyrophenone therapy." Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal 20(6): 498-99, 1975.
    3. Bernad, P.G., Snyder, D.A., and Levey, M.: "A civilian case of fatal meningococcemia due to Neisseria meningitides, Group Y." American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 68(2): 296-8, 1977.
    4. Bernad, P.G.: "Cerebrovascular symptoms in primary thrombocytosis." Stroke 9: 110, 1978.
    5. Bernad, P.G., Ballantine, H.T., Jr. and Nauta, W.: "Neuropathological study of bilateral cingulotomy for mood disturbance." 5th World Congress of Psychiatric Surgery, August 21-25, 1978.
    6. Bernad, P.G., Ballantine, H.T., and Giriunas, L.: "Neuropathological study of bilateral cingulotomy for mood disturbance." Modern Concepts in Psychiatric Surgery, edited by E. R. Hitchcock, H. T., Ballantine, Jr., and B. A. Myerson, Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press, Amsterdam, pp 283-302, 1979.
    7. Bernad, P.G., and Dooling, E.: "Middle cerebral artery dissection in childhood." Stroke 10: 98, 1979.
    8. Bernad, P.G., Snyder, D.A., and Levey, M.: "A civilian case of fatal meningococcemia due to Neisseria meningitides Group Y." Meriam Webster's Medical Office Handbook, edited by A. Soukhanov, G. & C., Meriam Co., Springfield, p 402, 1979.
    9. Gregory, D.C., Jones, K.W., Cochavi, S., and Bernad, P.G.: "Determination of lithium in biological samples with 6Li(n,x) 3H reaction." Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 24: 823, 1979.
    10. Participation in Case Records of the Massachusetts General Hospital: New England Journal of Medicine, 297: 779, 1977.
    11. Participation in Case Records of the Massachusetts General Hospital: New England Journal of Medicine, 298: 1075, 1978.
    12. Participation in Case Records of the Massachusetts General Hospital: New England Journal of Medicine, 300: 251, 1979.
    13. Bernad, P.G., Szyfelbein,W.M., Weiss, H.D., and Richardson Jr., E.P.: "Diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis by cytologic methods: An old technique revisited." Neurology, 30: 102-5, 1980.
    14. Bernad, P.G., Perlo, V.P.: "Horner syndrome with causalgia." Neurology 30: 534-5, 1980.
    15. Bernad, P.G. and Taft, P.D.: "Cytologic diagnosis of intraventricular hemorrhage in a neonate." ACTA Cytologica 24: 4-6, 1980.
    16. Bernad, P.G.: "Back to microscope... to diagnose cryptococcal meningitis.", Emergency Medicine, 12: 102-3, 1980.
    17. Rie, M.A., Bernad, P.G.: "Prolonged hypoxia in man without circulatory compromise fails to demonstrate cerebral pathology." Neurology 30: 43,1980.
    18. Bernad, P.G., Silber, B., and Mathieu, A.: "Syndrome Atteinte hepato-renale apres anesthesie a l'enflurane." 37: 427-8, 1980.
    19. Engel, W.K., Bernad, P.G., Levy, H.B.: "Polyinosinic-Polycytidylic Acid Poly-L-Lysine (PolylCLC): A new Anti-Dysimmune Effect Remarkably Beneficial in Neuropathies." Neurology, 31: 154-5, April 1981.
    20. Bernad, Peter G.; Siever, Larry; Set, Susumu; Murphy, Dennis and Brody, Leslie: "Clinical Neurologic and Electrophysiologic Correlate of Smooth Pursuit Eye Tracking", Neurology, 31: 49, April 1981.
    21. Krishnamoorthy, K.S.; Zalneraitis, E.L.; Young, R.S.K.; and Bernad, P.G.: "Phenytoin-induced Choreoathetosis in "Phenytoin-induced Choreoathetosis in infancy: Case reports and a review." Pediatrics, 72: 831-4, 1983.
    22. Bernad, P.G., and Levine, M.S.: "Maprotiline-Induced Seizures", Southern Medical Journal, September. 79(9): 22-23, 1986.
    23. Bernad, P.G., Levine, M.S., Hocker, M.E.: "Maprotiline-Induced Seizures", 15th Epilepsy International symposium, 402, September, 1986.
    24. Head Injury, Fairfacts, 6 (18): November, 1986.
    25. Myasthenia Gravis, Fairfacts, 7: 10-13, March, 1987.
    26. Bernad, P.G.: "Neurologic Complications of Thrombocythemia: Six Cases and Review." Virginia Medical, 114: 352-5, June, 1987.
    27. Bernad, P.G., and Ballantine, H.F.: "Computed Tomographic Analysis of Bilateral Cingulotomy for Intractable Mood Disturbance and Chronic Pain." Computerized Radiology, 11(3): 117-23, May-June, 1987.
    28. Bernad, P. G., et al: "Neurotoxicity and Behavior Abnormalities in a Cohort Chronically Exposed to Trichloroethylene." Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Academy of Clinical Toxicology, Page 30, September 29-October 3, 1987, Vancouver, Canada.
    29. Bernad, P.G., et al: "Cruetzfeldt-Jakob Disease, Human Growth Hormone and its Replacement with Synthetic Growth Hormone." Proceedings of the 3rd ts Replacement with Synthetic University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, November, 1987.
    30.   Bernad, P.G., et al: "Neurotoxicity and Behavior Abnormalities in Cohort Chronically Exposed To Trichloroethylene" Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 29(6);.475, December, 1987.
    31. Bernad, P.G., et al: "Electroencephalographic Standards", The American Medical Electroencephalographic Association. March, 1988.
    32. Bernad, P.G., Jylkka, M.M.: "Closed Head Injury With Postconcussion Syndrome." Clinical Electroencephalography, Volume 19:46-7, 1988.
    33. Bernad, P.G., "Closed head injury (CHI) types I and II with post concussion syndrome (PCS)." Clinical Electroencephalography 19: 174-5, 1988.
    34. Bernad, P.G., "The Utility of EEG and Neurophysiologic Techniques after Neurotoxic Exposure." Clinical Electroencephalography. 20 (1): 67. January, 1989.
    35. Bernad, P.G., "EEG and Pesticides." Clinical Electroencephalography. April.20(2): 9-10, 1989.
    36. Bernad, P.G., Bernad MM, Jylkka M, Zohn DA. "Evaluation and Treatment of Closed Head Injury (CHI) with Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) Type I and II." Abstract. First International Symposium on Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia. Minneapolis, Minnesota, May 8-10, 1989. pg 59.
    37. Bernad, P.G., "Guidelines: Relevance of Infectious Diseases for Electroencephalogram and Other Neurophysiology Laboratories." Clinical Electroencephalography. 20 (3): 1989.
    38. Bernad, P.G., "Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, Human Growth Hormone, and its Replacement with Synthetic Growth Hormone." Pharmacoepidemiology, Volume 1. Stanley A. Edlavitch, ed. Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, Michigan, 1989.
    39. Siever, Larry J.; Coursey, Robert L.; Alterman, Ina S.; Zahn, Ted; Brody, Leslie; Bernad, Peter; Buchsbaum, Monte; Lake, C. Raymond; and Murphy, Dennis L.: "Clinical, Psychophysiologic, and Neurologic Characteristics of Volunteers with Impaired Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements." Biological Psychiatry 1989, May 26; 26(1):35-51.
    40. Spyker, DA; Bond, RR; Jylkka, M; Bernad, PG. "Subacute Home Chlordane Poisoning: Fact or Fallacy." Veterinary and Human Toxicology. 31(4):August, 1989. page 356.
    41. Bernad, P.G. "Clinical and Laboratory Evaluation of Patients Exposed to Neurotoxins." Clinical Toxicology I. 10(2):June, 1990. page 387-402.
    42. Bernad, P.G. "The Neurological and Electroencephalographic Changes in AIDS." Clinical Electroencephalography, 22(2):February, 1991.
    43. Bernad, P.G. "Ask Your Doctor." Myasthenia Gravis Foundation. 1991.
    44. Bernad, P.G. "Neurodiagnostic Testing in Patients with Closed Head Injury." Clinical Encephalography. 22(4):July, 1991.
    45. Bernad, P.G., Jones, R.N. "Medical Legal Issues for Neuroscience." Clinical Electroencephalography. 23(3):July, 1992.
    46. Bernad, P.G. "Dementia: A review of current environmental issues [comment]." Integrative Psychiatry. 1992;7(3-4):202-5.
    47. Duffy, F.H., Hughes, J.R., Miranda F., Bernad, P., and Cook, P. "Status of Quantitative EEG (QEEG) in Clinical Practice.", 1994. 1994;25(4):VI-XXII.
    48. Bernad, P.G., Ford, J.E., Kristal, S.B. "Lack of Causal Relationship Between Silicone Breast Implants and Neurological/Rheumatological Disease." The 5th World Congress of the World Federation of Associations of Clinical Toxicology Centers & Poison Control Centers. November 8-11, 1994:C15.
    49. Bernad, P.G. "Ask your doctor--Many patients endure several misdiagnoses before they are diagnosed with Myasthenia Gravis. Why is Myasthenia Gravis so difficult to diagnose?" Myasthenia Gravis Foundation. August 28, 1995;17.
    50. Bernad, PG, Gibbs, CJ, Soyer, A, Loscalzo, M, Klein, A: Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Diagnosable by EEG and Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis Without Brain Biopsy. Clinical EEG, Vol.30 No. 1. Jan. 1999. (Abstract)

Medico-Legal Publications

    1. Bernad, P.G.: "What Defense Counsel Should Know About Magnetic Resonance Imaging." Defense Bulletin, June 1987.
    2. Bernad, P.G.: "Neurologic Aspects of Malingering and Hysteria." Defense Bulletin, February 1988.
    3. Bernad, P.G., "Environmental Neurotoxicity: Effective Defense of Neurological Injury." Defense Bulletin, 6(9): February 1989.
    4. Bernad, P.G., Jones, R.N., Posmantur, R. "Easily Misdiagnosed, RSD May Be A Liability Trap." Medical Malpractice Law and Strategy. January 1992.
    5. Simkins, Charles N.: "Post-Concussion Syndrome: Is It A Fact Or A Fiction?" Michigan Lawyers Weekly, November 10, 1997. (Dr. Peter G. Bernad’s book "Closed Head Injury: A Clinical Sourcebook" was quoted.)
    6. Bernad, PG, Environmental Neurotoxicity: Effective Defense of Neurological Injury. Law & Medicine Report, Vol 1, Issue 1, September 1998.
    7. Bernad, PG, The Clinical Neurological Assessment of Environmental Toxicity. Law & Medicine Report, Vol 1, Issue 2, Winter 1998.
    8. Bernad, PG. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAD) Medical, Ethical Cultural and Legal Issues Law & Medicine, Vol 1, Issue 3, Spring 1999.
    9. Bernad, PG. Smothers, JM, Die Usefulness of Neuropsychological Testing in Neurotaxicological and Head Injury Cases. Law & Medicine Report, Vol 1, Issue 4, Summer 1999.
    10. Bernad, PG, Smothers, JIM, "....And Nothing But the Truth, " A look at Malingering Law & Medicine Report, Vol -2, Issue I ~ Fall 1999.
    11. Bernad, PG, Gibbs, CJ, Soyer,A. Loscalzo, M and Klein. A,E. Creutzfeldt-Jakoh Disease Diagnosable by EEG and Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis Without Brain Biopsy: A Case Report. Clinical EEG, Vol 30 No. 4, October, 1999.
    12. Bernad, PG, Smothers, JM, Where does It Hurt? Another Look at Response Consistency. Law & Medicine Report. Vol 2. Issue 2, Winter 1999.